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What You Need to Know Before You Buy a Vacation Home

By Thomas O'ShaughnessyJanuary 01, 2022
  • Why Consider Buying a Vacation Home?

    There are a variety of reasons to consider purchasing a vacation home. Maybe your family has fallen in love with a destination and visits it often, or you need a central location for branches of your family to gather. Perhaps you've recently sold other real estate and are looking for a 1031 exchange for the tax benefits. 

    Whatever the reason for buying a vacation home, there are some important pros and cons to consider.

    The Benefits of Buying a Vacation Home

    Your vacation home is more than a place to get away from daily life — there are a host of benefits.

    Some of the primary benefits of buying a vacation home include:

    • Saving money: With regular use, you can potentially save thousands of dollars on vacation home rentals every year. 
    • Making money: Put your vacation home to work by renting it when you're not there. 
    • Investing in the future: Real estate remains one of the best ways to invest your money. 

    Additionally, you may be eligible for certain tax and mortgage breaks if you choose to not use your vacation home as a rental. And because it’s your home, you can fill it with everything you need to vacation comfortably — no more lugging gear on a plane or in the car on the way to a vacation!

    The Downside of Vacation Homes

    Of course, there are some drawbacks to consider when it comes to buying a vacation home.

    Buying another home means another mortgage, property taxes, and maintenance — often in another state. 

    And when it comes to getting a mortgage, many lenders are reluctant to finance vacation homes, especially in a tight or competitive housing market. Fees are generally higher, too.

    You may also find it difficult to pinpoint a suitable vacation home in your desired location. The most popular vacation locales — beaches and ski towns — are also the most expensive. Make sure that you are not taking on more expenses than you can handle, as selling a vacation home too quickly can often result in a loss. (However, you mitigate losses with the help of a flat-fee real estate company.)

    How to Find (and Maintain) the Best Vacation Home

    Understand what you are getting into

    Take some time to research the tax and financial responsibilities of a vacation home before you start your search. 

    Questions to consider include:

    • If your vacation home is in another state, do you get a property tax break?
    • Are there additional taxes or fees for a vacation home?
    • Does local law permit you to rent out your vacation home when you are not using it?
    • If you do rent out your vacation home, how does that affect your tax liability?
    • What are the hidden costs of your vacation home (e.g., property manager fees, HOA fees)?

    Answering these questions will help you decide if owning a vacation home is right for you. 

    Determine the best property type for you

    If you are looking for a relatively maintenance-free vacation home, consider a condo instead of a standalone house. However, if you want less of your money to go towards condo fees and more of it toward the purchase of your home, a single-family home might be best for you.

    Consider also how much time you want to spend on upkeep. Although you might prefer the look of a lush, green lawn and elaborate landscaping, do you really want to do yard work when you're on vacation? Or pay someone else to do it? 

    Choosing the best property type for you means evaluating how you will use it, what works best for your family, and how much time you want to spend on maintenance and upkeep. 

    Prequalify for a second mortgage

    Your local financial institutions will be the best source of information in terms of which type of mortgage is best for you. Take the time to prequalify for a mortgage. This will help focus your search on properties that won't break your budget. 

    Getting prequalified is also important if you are using your vacation home primarily as an investment property. There are different rules and regulations that might apply in your area.

    Choose the best realtor

    Look for a real estate agent that has experience selling vacation homes specifically, as they can help you navigate the process more easily.

    Some questions to ask your realtor include:

    • How many vacation homes have you sold in the past 12 months?
    • Can I speak to past clients?
    • How do you communicate, and what’s your availability like?

    Look for a local caretaker

    If you choose not to rent your vacation home out, a local property manager can help you with any maintenance issues that arise when you're not there. They can also arrange to have your home opened and cleaned prior to your arrival to make it easier to dive right into your vacation.

    Consider Buying Your Second Home — First

    Not quite ready to buy a home where your work and permanent residence is? Look into purchasing a vacation home first. Not only does this offer you all of the benefits of buying a vacation home, but it also allows you to build up equity and take tax breaks available to first homes. And since this is the first property in your real estate portfolio, it may be easier (and more affordable) to acquire a mortgage. 

    Enjoy Your Time Away

    Whether you are buying a second property as an investment, a rental property, or to simply spend more time with your family, a vacation home can be a solid option.

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