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Things a Lawyer For Real Estate Does For Buyers

By Bill Gassett | September 14, 2023

Real estate attorneys play a crucial role in the home-buying process. They ensure the legal transfer of property, review and prepare documents, resolve disputes, and ensure clarity of the title. Their responsibilities vary depending on the buyer, seller, or lender involved, as well as state requirements and complexities of the transaction.

Hiring a reliable real estate attorney is essential for a smooth and legally sound transaction. I have written about what real estate attorneys do for sellers. Now, we will focus on buyers.

In my experience as a Realtor, not having an attorney is foolish. Countless times, attorneys representing my clients have protected them from potential pitfalls.

Understanding the cost of a lawyer for real estate will be one of the first things to get a handle on, especially when you're a first-time home buyer. Maximum Real Estate is an excellent resource for covering attorney costs.

We will explore the role, importance, costs, and how to find a trustworthy real estate attorney, among other relevant topics.

What is a Real Estate Attorney?

What does a real estate attorney do?

A real estate attorney is a legal professional specializing in matters related to real estate transactions. They play a crucial role in ensuring that the buying process is legally sound and protects the interests of their clients.

Let's explore the different aspects of their role and responsibilities, the importance of hiring one, and the state requirements associated with their services.

Role and Responsibilities

There are several reasons to have a real estate attorney. The role of a lawyer is multifaceted. They provide legal guidance and assistance throughout home-buying, ensuring all necessary legal steps are followed. Some of their key responsibilities include:

  • Reviewing and preparing legal documents
  • Ensuring the clarity of title and title insurance
  • Facilitating the transfer of funds
  • Resolving legal disputes

Importance of Hiring a Real Estate Attorney

Hiring a real estate attorney is crucial to protecting a buyer's interests. They have a comprehensive understanding of real estate laws and regulations, which allows them to identify any potential issues or risks associated with a property purchase.

A real estate lawyer provides valuable legal advice and ensures that all necessary documents are properly prepared and reviewed, minimizing the likelihood of future legal complications.

State Requirements for Hiring a Real Estate Attorney

The requirements for hiring a real estate attorney can vary from state to state. Some states may not legally require the involvement of an attorney in real estate transactions, while others may have specific regulations mandating their participation.

It is essential to familiarize yourself with your state's specific requirements to ensure compliance with the law. States that don't require attorneys use title companies instead.

Who Does a Real Estate Attorney Represent?

A real estate attorney represents various parties involved in a transaction, protecting their legal rights and interests. Let's explore the different parties:


Real estate attorneys work closely with buyers to navigate the complex legal aspects of purchasing a property. They review and negotiate purchase agreements, clarify terms and conditions, and ensure all legal documents are accurate and compliant with state and local laws.

Buyers can rely on their attorney to explain any legal implications or risks associated with the transaction and to safeguard their interests throughout the process.


For sellers, a real estate attorney acts as a trusted advisor, guiding them through selling their property. Attorneys assist in reviewing and negotiating sale agreements, clearing title issues, and preparing all necessary legal documents. They ensure a smooth and legally sound transaction, protecting the seller's rights and interests.


Lenders, such as banks or mortgage companies, may also engage real estate attorneys to represent their interests in a transaction. Attorneys ensure that the loan documentation is executed correctly, review the terms and conditions of the mortgage, and confirm that the property's title is clear and suitable for collateral. Lawyers do this by performing a title search.

They work to protect the lender's investment and ensure compliance with applicable laws and regulations.

By representing buyers, sellers, and lenders, real estate attorneys play a crucial role in facilitating transactions and safeguarding the legal rights of all parties involved.

How Does a Real Estate Attorney Assist in the Home Buying Process?

Regarding home-buying, a real estate attorney is crucial in ensuring a smooth and legally sound transaction. Their expertise is invaluable, from reviewing and preparing legal documents to resolving any possible disputes.

Let's delve into the key ways in which a real estate attorney assists buyers:

Reviewing and Preparing Legal Documents

One of the primary responsibilities of a real estate attorney is to carefully review and prepare the necessary legal documents involved in a home purchase. This includes contracts, agreements, and disclosures. Having an attorney review these documents ensures that all terms and conditions are fair, accurate, and compliant with applicable laws.

Ensuring Clarity of Title and Title Insurance

A vital aspect of the process is ensuring the property title is clear and free from liens, judgments, or other encumbrances. A real estate attorney conducts a thorough title search to uncover any issues and works to resolve them. They also help buyers obtain title insurance, which protects against future claims or disputes related to the property's ownership.

Facilitating the Transfer of Funds

Large sums of money are involved during the purchase, including down payments, earnest money deposits, and closing costs. A real estate attorney assists buyers in facilitating the secure and legal transfer of funds between the relevant parties. Their oversight ensures that transactions are correctly executed and recorded.

Resolving Legal Disputes

A real estate attorney advocates for the buyer if any legal disputes arise during home-buying. They have the necessary knowledge and experience to navigate negotiations, mediation, or litigation. Their goal is to protect the buyer's interests and work towards a favorable resolution.

By enlisting the services of a reputable real estate attorney, buyers can have peace of mind knowing their legal rights and interests are safeguarded throughout the purchase. From reviewing documents to resolving disputes, their expertise is invaluable.

Understanding the Role of a Real Estate Attorney in the Closing Process

When it comes to the closing process of a real estate transaction, a real estate attorney plays a crucial role in ensuring a smooth and legally sound transaction. They provide valuable insights and support throughout the process, taking care of various essential tasks.

Let's take a closer look at the critical aspects of a real estate attorney's role in the closing process:

Reviewing the Purchase Agreement

One of the primary responsibilities of a real estate attorney is to review the purchase agreement carefully. They go through the contract to ensure that all the terms and conditions are fair and favorable for the buyer. They verify that the deal aligns with the buyer's intentions and protects their legal rights.

Conducting a Title Search and Title Examination

Before the closing, as mentioned, a real estate attorney conducts a comprehensive title search and examination. This step is crucial as it helps identify potential issues or defects with the property's title. By performing the necessary research, the attorney ensures that the buyer will receive a clear and marketable title, free from any outstanding liens or encumbrances.

Overseeing the Closing Process

During the closing, the real estate attorney takes on the role of overseeing the entire process. They ensure that all necessary documents are prepared accurately and legally. They also coordinate with all parties involved, including the buyer, seller, lender, and title company, to ensure that all the necessary steps are completed smoothly and efficiently.

Explaining and Reviewing Legal Documents

A real estate attorney also plays a vital role in explaining and reviewing the legal documents involved in the closing process. These documents may include the deed, mortgage agreements, title insurance policies, etc. The attorney ensures that the buyer understands the terms and implications of these documents before signing, providing valuable guidance and protecting their interests.

By having a lawyer involved in the closing process, buyers can have peace of mind knowing that their legal rights are protected and that the transaction will be conducted smoothly and in compliance with all legal requirements.

Common Issues and Questions About Real Estate Attorneys

When Do You Need to Hire a Real Estate Attorney?

Knowing when to hire a real estate attorney is essential for a smooth sale. It is recommended to engage a lawyer when you make an offer on a property. An attorney can assist you throughout the transaction, from reviewing purchase agreements to overseeing the closing process.

Moreover, hiring an attorney becomes even more crucial if you encounter complex legal issues or face disputes during the purchase.

What Are the Costs Associated with Hiring a Real Estate Attorney?

The costs of hiring a real estate attorney can vary depending on several factors. These include the complexity of the transaction, the specific services required, and the attorney's fee structure. Some attorneys charge a flat fee, while others bill hourly rates.

Additionally, there may be additional costs for title searches, document preparation, and other miscellaneous fees. Discussing the fees and payment structure with your attorney upfront is crucial to avoid any surprises or financial strain.

The cost of an attorney for sellers can differ from that of buyers. Some sellers will have their attorneys attend the closing under POA. The cost of a power of attorney can vary in different states. You can get a rough idea by looking at what they charge in Massachusetts.

How to Find a Reliable Real Estate Attorney

Finding a reliable real estate attorney ensures a smooth and successful transaction. Start by seeking recommendations from trusted sources such as friends, family, or real estate agents who have previously worked with attorneys.

Utilize online directories from local bar associations or reputable legal websites to find attorneys specializing in real estate law. Consider reading client reviews and testimonials to gauge their reputation and reliability. Schedule initial consultations with potential attorneys to discuss your needs, assess their expertise, and determine if they fit your situation well.

Can a Real Estate Attorney Assist with Mortgage Loans?

While real estate attorneys primarily focus on legal aspects of property transactions, they can also assist with mortgage loans. Attorneys can review loan documents, explain the terms and conditions, and ensure they align with your interests. They can also negotiate with lenders on your behalf if any issues arise.

In addition, attorneys can help resolve disputes related to financing or provide guidance on other legal matters that may arise during the mortgage loan process.

Understanding State-Specific Considerations for Real Estate Attorneys

Variations in Real Estate Laws by State

Regarding real estate transactions, it is crucial to understand that laws and regulations can vary from state to state. Real estate attorneys are critical in navigating these variations and ensuring compliance with state-specific laws.

Property transfer requirements, disclosure obligations, and contract provisions may differ depending on the jurisdiction. Therefore, it is essential to work with an attorney well-versed in the specific laws and regulations of the state where the property is located.

State Bar Associations and Resources for Finding Real Estate Attorneys

To find a reliable real estate attorney, individuals can turn to their state bar associations, which provide valuable resources and listings of licensed attorneys. State bar associations ensure that attorneys meet specific ethical standards and are qualified to practice law.

These associations often have directories that can be searched based on location, specialization, and experience. Additionally, online resources and legal guides can help you find reputable real estate attorneys. These platforms often provide client reviews and ratings, giving potential clients an insight into the attorney's reputation and track record.

Word-of-mouth recommendations from friends, family, or real estate agents can also be valuable in finding a trustworthy attorney. When finding and selecting a real estate attorney, it is essential to consider their expertise, experience, and knowledge of local laws. They should have a proven track record in handling real estate transactions in the specific state of interest.

Buyers can proceed confidently and ensure a smooth and legally compliant home-buying process by working with a skilled attorney who understands state-specific real estate laws' intricacies.

Key Points:

  • Real estate laws vary by state, and attorneys are essential in navigating these variations.
  • State bar associations provide resources and listings of licensed attorneys.
  • Online platforms and recommendations can also assist in finding reputable real estate attorneys.
  • Selecting an attorney with expertise in local laws is crucial for a seamless sale.

Why You Should Hire a Real Estate Attorney for Your Purchase Transaction

Hiring a real estate attorney is essential to ensure a smooth and legally sound property transaction. Here are some compelling reasons why you should consider hiring a professional attorney:

Protecting Your Legal Rights and Interests

A real estate attorney is well-versed in property laws and regulations, which enables them to safeguard your legal rights and interests throughout the purchase process. They will carefully review all contractual agreements, ensuring that your rights are protected, and the terms are fair.

Additionally, an attorney can assist in identifying any potential legal issues or loopholes in the transaction, providing valuable advice on navigating them effectively.

Minimizing Risks and Avoiding Pitfalls

Property buying involves risks and potential pitfalls with significant financial and legal consequences. A real estate lawyer can help minimize these risks by conducting thorough due diligence on the property.

By uncovering any hidden liens, encumbrances, or legal disputes associated with the property, your attorney can ensure you are not caught off guard by undisclosed issues that could impact your investment.

If there are problems before the closing at a final walk-through, they will negotiate a holdback to protect the buyer's interests.

Ensuring a Smooth and Legal Real Estate Transaction

One of the primary roles of a real estate attorney is to ensure that the entire purchase transaction is conducted legally and in compliance with all relevant laws and regulations. They will coordinate with all parties, including lenders, sellers, and other attorneys, to facilitate a seamless closing process.

From reviewing and explaining complex legal documents to overseeing the transfer of funds, an experienced attorney will handle the intricate details of the transaction, providing you with peace of mind and allowing you to focus on the excitement of owning your new property.

By enlisting the services of a reputable real estate attorney during your purchase transaction, you can secure your legal rights, mitigate risks, and ensure a successful and legally valid real estate transaction.

Additional Services Offered by Real Estate Attorneys

Real estate attorneys provide additional services to assist buyers, sellers, and lenders in various aspects of their transactions. These services include:

Contract Negotiation and Drafting

Real estate attorneys have expertise in negotiating and drafting contracts to protect their client's interests. They ensure that all terms and conditions are clearly defined and any potential areas of concern are addressed. Their knowledge of real estate laws and regulations allows them to create legally binding agreements that minimize risks and avoid future disputes.

Real Estate Litigation and Dispute Resolution

A real estate attorney can provide representation and advocate for their client's rights if a legal issue or dispute arises during a real estate transaction. They have the necessary litigation experience to handle complex legal proceedings, including mediation, arbitration, or going to court if necessary. They aim to resolve disputes efficiently and achieve a favorable client outcome.

Assistance with Commercial Real Estate Transactions

Real estate attorneys also offer their services for commercial real estate transactions. This includes purchasing, selling, leasing, or developing retail properties. They help clients navigate the complexities of commercial real estate laws and zoning regulations. Lawyers negotiate favorable terms for their clients in commercial lease agreements or purchase contracts.

Regarding additional services, real estate attorneys go beyond the standard responsibilities to ensure their clients have comprehensive legal support throughout their real estate transactions. Whether it involves contract negotiation, dispute resolution, or handling commercial real estate matters, their expertise is instrumental in protecting their clients' interests in the complex world of real estate.

How a Real Estate Attorney Can Help You navigate the Real Estate Market

A skilled real estate attorney can provide valuable guidance and support when navigating the real estate market. Here are some key ways they can assist you:

Advice on Market Trends and Property Valuation

A knowledgeable real estate attorney can offer insights into market trends and property valuation. They can help you understand current market conditions, identify potential investment opportunities, and assess the fair value of a property. With their expertise, you can make informed decisions and negotiate effectively.

Legal Advice on Real Estate Investments

Investing in real estate can be complex, and having a real estate attorney on your side can provide essential legal advice. They can help you assess the risks and legal implications of different investment options, review contracts and agreements, and ensure compliance with relevant laws and regulations. Their guidance can protect your interests and mitigate potential legal issues.

Protection Against Fraud and Scams

The real estate market can be vulnerable to fraud and scams, making it crucial to have a real estate attorney who can safeguard your interests. They can assist in conducting due diligence on properties, verifying the legitimacy of transactions, and identifying any red flags.

By working with an attorney, you can minimize the risk of falling victim to fraudulent schemes and ensure a secure real estate transaction.

With their extensive knowledge and experience, a skilled real estate attorney can be an invaluable asset in navigating the complex terrain of the real estate market. Whether you need guidance on market trends, investment advice, or protection against fraud, their expertise can help you make confident and informed decisions.

The Importance of Hiring a Reputable Real Estate Attorney

Hiring a reputable real estate attorney is paramount when buying or selling a property. They are crucial in ensuring a smooth and legal transaction, protecting your interests, and minimizing risks.

Here are two key factors to consider when hiring a real estate attorney:

Suitable Qualifications and Experience

Choosing a real estate attorney with suitable qualifications and experience in handling real estate matters is essential. Look for attorneys who specialize in real estate law and have a comprehensive understanding of the local real estate market. They should have a solid track record of successfully handling similar cases and be well-versed in the complexities of property transactions.

An experienced attorney will possess the knowledge and expertise to navigate potential challenges and provide valuable guidance. Their understanding of the legal intricacies involved in real estate transactions allows them to identify potential issues before they become problems, offering peace of mind to buyers.

Client Testimonials and Referrals

Another critical factor to consider when hiring a real estate attorney is their reputation in the industry. Take the time to research client testimonials and seek referrals from trusted sources, such as friends, family, or real estate agents. Testimonials provide insights into the attorney's professionalism, communication skills, and overall client satisfaction.

Referrals, especially from individuals who have successfully worked with a particular attorney, can give you confidence in their abilities. Word-of-mouth recommendations from satisfied clients strongly indicate that the attorney is trustworthy, reliable, and capable of delivering positive results.

You can protect your best interests throughout the buying or selling process by selecting a real estate attorney with suitable qualifications, experience, and a solid reputation.

Bill Gassett is an authority in the real estate industry with 38 years of experience. Bill is well respected for his informative articles for buyers, sellers, and fellow real estate agents to make sound decisions. His work has been featured on RIS Media, the National Association of Realtors, Inman News, Newsbreak, Credit Sesame, Realty Biz News, and his own authoritative resource, Maximum Real Estate Exposure. He has been on of the top RE/MAX agents in New England over the last two decades.
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